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Printing Glossary 

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Page Count: Total number of pages, including blanks and printed pages without numbers.

Pantone colours: Premixed ink colours that are often specified for printing as a spot colour. Can be matched using CMYK but will not be exactly the same colour as its Pantone colour counterpart.

PDF: Portable document format. A computer file format that preserves a printed or electronic documentís original layout, type fonts and graphics as one unit for electronic transfer and viewing. Printers prefer artwork delivered in PDF form, especially if a quick turnaround time is needed.

Perfecting: Process of printing both sides of one sheet during a single pass through the press.

Perfect Binding: A bookbinding method in which pages are glued rather than sewn to the cover. Used primarily for paperback books.

Perforating: Punching a row of small hole or incisions into or through a sheet of paper to permit part of it to be detached; to guide in folding; to allow air to escape from signatures; or to prevent wrinkling when folding heavy papers.

PMS: Acronym for Pantone Matching System, a set of preprinted color patches used to choose and communicate color so exact matches can be obtained.

Point: A measurement for the size of type, distance between lines and thickness of rules. One point equals one seventy-second of an inch (0.3515mm).

Print-on-Demand: The capability to print documents right at the time they are required by patrons and consumers, rather than following traditional norms of printing documents in advance of need and coping with the need to distribute and inventory printed documents in anticipation of demand.

Print Quality: The degree to which the appearance and other properties of a print job approach the desired result.

Printing: Any process that transfers to paper or another substrate an image from an original such as film, electronic memory, stencil, die or plate.

Process Colour: Colour specified in percentages of cyan, magenta, yellow and black. when superimposed during printing the four colour printing process, their separate plates can recreate millions of different colours.

Process Blue / Process Red / Process Yellow / Process Black: Alternate names for the CMYK colours

Proof: A representation of the finished print produced for customer inspection for errors to be corrected prior to mass printing.

 



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